UNDERSTANDING CORONAVIRUS

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Understanding

What Is It?

According to the World Health Organization, Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans.  Several strains of coronavirus in humans are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19. 
 
This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in December 2019. COVID-19 is now a pandemic affecting many countries globally.

How does it spread?

Information continues to evolve around the spread of COVID-19, however researchers currently attribute the disease's primary spread to contact with infected persons.
 
This person to person spread occurs through small droplets from the nose or mouth, which are expelled when a person with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These droplets are relatively heavy, do not travel far and quickly sink to the ground.
 
People can catch COVID-19 if they breathe in these droplets from a person infected with the virus.  This is why it is important to stay at least 6 feet away from others.
 
These droplets can land on objects and surfaces around the person such as tables, doorknobs and handrails, also contaminating those surfaces.  People can become infected by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth.  This is why it is important to avoid touching your face and washing your hands regularly with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand rub.
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What are the Symptoms?

COVID-19 symptoms continue to be researched, however the most common symptoms of are:
  • Fever,
  • Dry cough
  • Tiredness
  • Aches and pains
  • Nasal congestion
  • Headache
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • Rash on skin
  • Discoloration of fingers or toes.
 
Symptoms are usually mild and develop gradually. Some people become infected but only have very mild symptoms while some people have no symptoms at all. 
It is recommended that anyone who feels sick or believe that they may have been in contact with an infected person should seek medical treatment immediately.

Together, we can slow the spread of COVID-19

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